The review of other studies found that:
- "Fraud resulting from exposure of health data has risen from 3% in 2008 to 7% in 2009, a 112% increase (Javelin Strategy and Research)
- Nearly 1.5 million Americans have been victims of medical identity theft with an estimated total cost of $28.6 billion. (Ponemon Institute)
- It takes more than twice the time to detect medical information fraud and the average cost is $12,100, more than twice the cost for other types of identity theft. (Javelin Strategy and Research)
- Victims of medical identity theft may receive the wrong medical treatment, find their health insurance exhausted, and could become uninsurable for both life and health insurance coverage. (World Privacy Forum)
- Data breaches not only put people at risk of becoming victims, they are costly to the organizations that suffer breaches. A 2009 study revealed that the average cost of a data breach – per record breached ‐‐ has risen to $202 from 2008’s $197. At that rate a breach of 5,000 records will cost over $1 million. (Ponemon Institute)
- Despite requirements that data be encrypted, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has announced that between January 1 and March 9, 2010 at least 74,962 unencrypted health records had already been breached. (HHS)"